[4] Research has shown that people have the natural tendency to affiliate with others. The community aspect of school climate refers to the quality of relationships within a school. To learn about climate change, you first must know what climate is. [25] When students perceive their classroom rules, school discipline, and overall school safety as fair, they are less likely to experience feelings of loneliness, anxiety, and depression (Grapham et al., 2006; Ozer & Weinstein, 2004). Therefore, students living in a cooperative, helpful class are more likely to feel identity safe as they develop a sense of belonging and contribute to their class community. Many factors can affect the quality and character of school life. School climate is “the quality and character of school life – fosters children’s development, learning and achievement (NSCC, 2007, p. 2). [2] According to the National School Climate Council,[3] a sustainable, positive school climate promotes students' academic and social development. For instance, a study comparing parents', teachers', and students' perceptions of school climate found that students reported worse ratings of safety and connectedness than the adults. [34] A negative school climate is also associated to teachers having more feelings of low personal accomplishment, more cynicism, and depersonalization.[7]. In the context of school climate, individual behaviors are shaped by the school environment, in which each child is embedded. School climate reflects the physical and psychological aspects of the school that are more susceptible to change and that provide the preconditions necessary for teaching and learning to take place. and psychological and emotional health declined over three years. More often than not, schools have to examine many of those factors from different perspectives in order to initiate change. School climate is the overall quality and character of school life, including teaching and learning practices, organizational structures, norms and values, and relationships. School Climate is the way the school environment functions to nurture students' physical, mental, and emotional well-being. How your students, staff, and parents view your school influences success, both immediately and in the long-term. For example, growing up in poverty is considered a risk factor. That culture deeply informs the day-to-day experiences of students in their school environment. School climate is the foundation of a successful school and positive educational outcomes for all of our students." school climate as a strategy for dropout prevention, and the U.S. Department of Education recommends school climate reform as an evidence-based strategy to … [8], According to this theory, behavior, emotions, and thoughts are influenced by personal characteristics and the surrounding environment. The phrase school climate “refers to the quality and character of school life… [it] is based on patterns of students’, parents’ and school personnel’s experience of school life and reflects norms, goals, values, interpersonal relationships, teaching and learning practices, and organizational structures.” For instance, environmental variables such as classroom layout and activity schedules can influence how safe students feel and how well they perform in school. [29] Research has shown that when teachers perceive themselves as efficacious, the school has effective principal leadership, and relationships between students and peers are positive, student standardized test scores, GPA, and grades are higher. [4] Conducting interviews and focus groups are other ways to collect information on school climate, with an estimated 8% of research studies making use of these methods. Students are affected behaviorally and emotionally by every encounter they have in the classroom. [4] A high-quality academic environment within the school can reduce behavioral problems. For example, setting appropriate academic expectations, promoting supportive teacher-student relationships, and creating a safe and secure environment where students' feel comfortable taking academic risks, all play a role in student development. [4], The physical layout, size, and material resources of a school also affect school climate. 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