Discover beautiful U.S. native plant alternatives. Common names: tall vervain Verbena bonariensis (tall vervain) is a herb/ (family Verbenaceae) with purple flowers and narrow toothed leaves found in the Central Valley and the central and south coast ranges of California. Meteor Shower ® Verbena bonariensis 'INVEBPUTOW' USPP 27,722 , Can 5,507 Popular varieties include: … At maturity, it will develop a woody base. Purpletop Vervain (Verbena bonariensis): This 4 to 5 foot tall species is sometimes called “verbena on a stick.” Clusters of tiny lavender flowers appear above the tall, thin square stems in late spring and continue to bloom throughout the summer into fall. It’s a superb butterfly plant, rivalling … It favors … The term Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain is often used interchangeably for the purpletop verbena, but the true Brazilian verbena is actually a different species altogether. Because Verbena bonariensis is not a native plant in the United States, and it has become naturalized in certain states, this gives it the classification of being invasive in those states. It’s perfect for bringing height to an ornamental border and also works well in prairie-style planting schemes with ornamental grasses. Requirements to Grow. The dark green leaves are very narrow and very sparse, so the plants are remarkably light and airy. Verbena bonariensis, Tall vervain is a rapidly growing, erect, clump forming perennial herb. I am finding it sprouting in pavement cracks, potted plants etc. The first rule to have Verbena bonariensis in the garden … With the danger of hard frosts now mainly passed, cut back last year's stems to a low framework. Heat and drought tolerance and deer resistance sweeten its appeal. Verbena bonariensis has tall, narrow, sparsely-leafed stems on top of which flattened heads of bright lavender-purple flowers appear in late-summer. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. According to the U.S Forest Service, Invasive species have contributed to the decline of 42% of U.S. endangered and threatened species, and for 18% of U.S. endangered or threatened species. Perennial Verbena Varieties. There are some “considerations” with Verbena bonariensis. Plant in groups to … Leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a tooth… Verbena bonariensis NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Upright stems branch widely off the central stem. We used this source of information in conjunction with PIER (2009) to identify the invasive species in our dataset."). • Verbena bonariensis is a popular perennial, but it can look shabby in spring unless it is pruned. Although it is native to South America or to be more precise, Brazil, the species has spread rapidly to other regions and is perceived as an invasive weed. The stem is square with very long internodes. And since the plants set little seed, it won’t become invasive like most Verbenas of this type. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial.In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5” long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled … Plant Specs: Perennial: zones 7-10 (lows -17.7 °C or 0 °F) Fast growing annual in colder zones; Full sun for full height; Below average water needs; drought tolerant; Height: 3-4 feet ( up to 6 ft in optimal growing conditions) … Purpletop vervain (Verbena bonariensis) is hardy in zones 7-11. Fragrant lavender to rose-purple flowers are in tight clusters located on terminal and axillary stems, blooming from mid-summer until fall frost. It can grow to 6 ft (183 cm) tall and can spread to 3 ft (90 cm) wide. Rough verbena (Verbena rigida) – aka stiff verbena, tuberous vervain, sandpaper verbena – is hardy in zones 7-9. It is a perennial, but only to zone 7. Although attractive in the garden, this vigorously self-seeding perennial is rapidly spreading into fields and … This plant has no children Legal Status. It is … Verbena bonariensis is the most invasive thing I have ever planted. Last updated October 2018    /    Privacy, Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org, Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org, Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org, This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level With its long, airy sprays of purple flowers, Verbena bonariensis is a great addition to the garden. – Brazilian vervain Subordinate Taxa. I wanted to give Verbena bonariensis a neutral or positive rating because I love the plant, the color, form etc, and especially that it's major draw to butterflies and bees in my yard, but as others have mentioned it is invasive. Noteworthy Characteristics. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster, Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 4, Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems, WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States, Weed Science Society of America Common Names List, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Verbenaceae – Verbena family Genus: Verbena L. – vervain Species: Verbena brasiliensis Vell. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Servicein cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service,USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils,Plant Conservation Alliance, and Biota of North America Program. Verbena brasiliensis. In some places it is very invasive. Verbena brasiliensis is a facultative wetland species that can be found both in wetland/riparian areas as well as in drier, upland habitat (USDA, 2007). Verbena bonariensis has, however, naturalized throughout parts of North America and is on several watchlists due to concerns about its potential to become invasive in native ecosystems. If you let it grow freely it can be too invasive for your garden. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org, State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. However, in some areas, particularly where growing conditions are hot and dry, it can become invasive. Invasive.org is a joint project of University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA Forest Service, USDA Identification Technology Program, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Verbena bonariensis L. – purpletop vervain Subordinate Taxa. Verbena bonariensis (Tall Verbena) is listed in the Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. Foliage Leaves of V. bonariensis … Verbena bonariensis (purpletop vervain, clustertop vervain, Argentinian vervain, tall verbena, or pretty verbena) is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant.In USA horticulture, it is also known by the ambiguous names "purpletop" (also used for the grass Tridens flavus) and … If you don’t want your garden to be filled with verbenas, take advantage of this moment to cut all the seedlings. Verbena bonariensis: Brazilian verbena, Purpletop vervain, Purple top vervain. This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. For more information, visit Invasive.org, Last updated October 2018 / Privacy It is native to South America. There is a high risk of this plant becoming invasive in California according to Cal-IPC. reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. However, it is very easy to grow and will flower the first year from seed, so can be treated as an annual in colder climates. Foliage Leaves of V. bonariensis … INVASIVE: Tall or Purple Verbena Verbena bonariensis. Verbena bonariensisis a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. I’ve written about the unintended and potentially devastating effects of introducing exotic species to ecosystems . This species offers a completely different look in Verbenas. In its native areas it is found in dry fields and arable land as a weedy species (Verloove, 2006), but in areas in which it is invasive it thrives in riverine areas or roadsides, old … Trailing verbena (Glandularia canadensis) is hardy in zones 5-9. Verbena bonariensis, a dicot, is an annual or biennial herb that is not native to California; it has been naturalized in the wild. With the right growing conditions and a little protection over winter, Verbena bonariensis is a trouble-free garden plant. Verbena bonariensis species is native to South America. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster The state of Washington lists it as a noxious weed. Washington State Monitor Species. The 3-6 ft. (0.9-1.8 m) tall stems are slender, hirsute, rough and square. They can be put at the front of the border without blocking the plants behind. Upright stems branch widely off the central stem. Verbena bonariensis, Tall vervain is a rapidly growing, erect, clump forming perennial herb. In the first days of spring the verbena bonariensis will start producing new shoots at ground level, this is a way for the plant to spread. see more; Family Verbenaceae Genus Verbena can be annuals, perennials or sub-shrubs, with toothed or pinnately lobed leaves and small, usually 5-petalled, salver-shaped flowers, typically held in spikes or panicles, in summer or … Becoming *invasive* means Verbena has escaped from gardens and become naturalized — found on roadsides, growing in meadows … Note this is not a … It has escaped cultivation and become naturalized in disturbed areas across the southeastern United States and in California. For more information, visit. Find where this species is invasive in the United States. Spikes of Purple Goodness. To learn more about Verbena bonariensis… Verbena bonariensis Photo courtesy UC Davis Weeds of California. According to Queensland Biosecurity site: "Purpletop (Verbena bonariensis) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and the ACT." All of the little seedlings with the reddish purple center are VB, and they're all over every flower bed. Wetland Status. V. bonariensis may survive as an annual in colder climates as it readily self-seeds. Verbena bonariensis: problem solving. Tall verbena has been a popular addition to garden borders for its lavender, tubular flower clusters borne atop elevated flower stalks. Synonyms Verbena bonariensis 'Buenos Aires' Verbena patagonica. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils. V. bonariensis may survive as an annual in colder climates as it readily self-seeds. I've been trying to eradicate it for at least 4 years, but I still got a lot of volunteers last summer. 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