One of the most distinctive features of the Japanese school system is the beginning of a school year that starts in April. This helps to explain the Japanese characteristic of group behavior. 2. In America, school grades are counted as 1 -5 for 小学校 (elementary school), 6-8 for 中学校 (junior high) and 9-12 for 高等学校 … Generally, the attendants of high schools are those students who want to continue their education and to enter this or that university. Japan has one of the world's best-educated populations, with 100% enrollment in compulsory grades and zero illiteracy. It is wort… Though Japanese students have one of the longest school days in the world, they also attend extracurricular courses. The high school drop out rate is about 2% and has been increasing. A big difference between the Japanese school system and the American School system is that Americans respect individuality while the Japanese control the individual by observing group rules. When it comes to private junior-high schools, there are just a few of them. In Japan, students must attend school up to the end of junior high school (15 years old). The first one is created for children from two months of age. The gimukyoiku 義務教育 … After this time, junior high and high school students will usually take part in club activities (“bukatsu”) until about 6:00 pm. The cost of high school education, as well as the difficulty of entrance examinations, varies widely across the country. That is probably why these two systems of school education are quite similar and quite often are compared to each other. As we mentioned before, it is impossible to fail one. There are also lessons on Haiku, a simple expression with a deep meaning behind created in the form of poetry. In Japan, it is called Shodo, the art that is as popular in Japan as painting. Education in Japan is compulsory at the elementary and lower secondary levels. Because of the rapid population growth after World War II, the number of students in a typical elementary or junior high school once exceeded 50. The capital of Japan and the largest city in the world, Tokyo is the place to be if you love the big city life. Though education in Japan is one of the most intense one in the world, students do not have any exams until they reach the age of ten. The Ministry of Education closely supervises curriculum, textbooks, and classes and maintains a uniform level of education throughout the country. The Fundamental Law of Education in Japan was introduced in 1947, changing the educational system to the 6+3+3+4 structure. School system in Japan wants its students to remain healthy. Attendance of high school is not compulsory in Japan. Most schools operate on a three-term system with the new year starting in April. Yōchien(幼稚園, Nursery school) from 3 to 6 years old. In Japan, school uniforms are far more common for public schools especially for middle and high schoolers. Such approach is used to teach children to help each other. Most students attend public schools through the lower secondary level, but private education is popular at the upper secondary and university levels. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Nearly all junior high schools require their students to wear a school uniform (seifuku 制服). The Japanese school system primarily consists of six-year elementary schools, three-year junior high schools and three-year high schools, followed by a two-or-three-year junior colleges or a four-year colleges. The current system includes six years of elementary school, three years of Lower secondary school, three years of upper secondary school and, finally, four years of higher education. bloom and the most suitable time for a new start in Japan. 4 years of University. Even in the Edo period, over 70% of all children went to school. Though education in Japan is highly valued and there are nearly no students who face learning problems, there is also a dark side of it. The meals are healthy and well-balanced, containing all the nutrients and calories … 4. Both Haiku and Shodo are taught to teach students to respect their culture and traditions. The modern educational system started in 1872 and is modeled after the French school system, which begins in April. Schools in Japan are subdivided into pre-school, elementary school which takes 6 years, junior high school which takes 3 years and high school which takes 3 more years. Secondary education in Japan is split into junior high schools (中学校 chūgakkō), which cover the seventh through ninth grade, and senior high schools (高等学校 kōtōgakkō, abbreviated to 高校 kōkō), which mostly cover grades ten through twelve. In the late 1800s, the Meiji leaders established a public education system, thus greatly increasing the country’s literacy rate. Official compulsory schooling ends when students graduate from Junior-High schools. Furthermore, it is not free and requires passing an exam. Secondary school was not yet compulsory and was intended for children deserving of additional training. That is why their meals are always balanced thanks to the hard work of chefs who cook food in accordance with menus created with the help of by health care professionals. Children are required to attend school for a minimum of nine years – six years of primary and three years of lower secondary education. She has been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. So generally students attend public ones. Japanese school system consists of: 6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and. Uniforms also tend to be required in physical education as well. Explore Japan Schools. For the first three years of their study, Japanese students are taught good manners and respect for people and nature. Still, there are about 97% of students who attend high schools in Japan. Today, 99% of people in Japan can read and write and school is still seen as a highly important stepping stone in early life. April is the height of spring when cherry blossoms (the most loved flower of the Japanese!) The students take turns serving portions. Also, Japanese students study calligraphy at school. So "3-1" could be Classroom-1 from 3rd grade, 8th grade, or 11th grade in the US school system that I know of. We do hope you will enjoy it! It is worth to mention, that attendance rate in Japanese schools is close to 100%.  They do not skip classes and do not get late for school. The school system in Japan consists of three years of optional kindergarten, six years of primary school, three years of lower secondary school and three years of upper secondary school. School holidays in Japan consist of public holidays with both national and cultural holidays such as New Year, National Foundation Day, and Christmas.However, Japan also has unique holidays which aren’t celebrated elsewhere in the world. Kaze no tame, shigoto ni ikimasen deshita. The next term starts around July … Q. As a result, a high standard of education is possible. When it comes to collectivism, there is no better example than cleaning held in Japanese schools. Chūgakkō(中学, Middle School) from 12 to 15. Discover grammar tips, writing help, and fun English language facts. The Japanese school system is modelled after the system in the United States. When it comes to uniforms, rules are very strict. Still, the country provides the ability to choose between public and private schools. A. Classrooms can be alphabetical, as my high school … Traditional Japanese school uniform for boys is designed in a military style, while a uniform for girls reminds of sailors. Daigaku (大学, University) or Senmongakkō(専 門 学校, Vocational school) in general with a duratio… The Japanese education system consists of six years of elementary school, three years of middle school and three years of high school.Japanese elementary schools tend to be highly-organized but fun and emphasize community responsibility and group activities. Though preschools are not compulsory and not free, more than 90% of Japanese students attend them. For elementary and junior high school, students attend their local school. – Japan has the 6-3-3-4 education system — compulsory education of six years in elementary school and three years in junior high school. Still, there are various small tests. The educational appr… PISA tests further prove this. It is exactly yochi-en where studying of hiragana, a Japanese syllabic script, starts. In Japan, the children attend more school … There is always something to do, incredible festivals to attend, museums to visit and plenty of places to eat and drink (great for practising your Japanese and meeting new people! Many students say that it school education is too intense and that parents along with teachers put too much pressure on children, even in their early childhood. There is often homework over these vacations. It means that Japanese students usually attend a public elementary school that lasts for six years. The compulsory study includes attending elementary school and junior high school. The old 6-5-3-3 system was changed to a 6-3-3-4 system (6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and 4 years of University) with reference to the American system. *The gimukyoiku (compulsory education) period is 9 years: 6 in shougakkou (elementary school) and 3 in chuugakkou (junior high school). One of the reasons why Japanese people are so unique is explained by their system of education and school system in particular. In Japan, a school year consists of trimesters with four weeks summer vacation, two weeks winter vacation and two more weeks of spring vacation. Kōkō(高校, High school) from 15 to 18. Japan, which has mostly kept COVID-19 under control, took a conservative approach to reopening schools in June. Vacations are 6 weeks in the summer and about 2 weeks each for winter and spring breaks. As you can see, students in Japan do not have any autumn vacations. Still, there are also technical high schools in Japan, where a student can get a specific technical education. The second one is aimed at those who reached three years. Its basic structure is outlined below: 6 years primary school (shogakkou) 3 years junior secondary school (chugakkou) 3 years senior secondary school (koutougakkou) 4 years university; The importance of education is established at … Still, as they graduate from a high school, there are no final examinations. The old 6-5-3-3 system was changed to a 6-3-3-4 system (6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and 4 years of University) with reference to the American system. Every class has its own fixed classroom where its students take all the courses, except for practical training and laboratory work. The fiscal year in Japan also begins in April and ends in March of the following year, which is more convenient in many aspects. From Monday through Friday, schoolchildren attending elementary and middle schools have lunches prepared for them in the classroom. Ever since 1954, kyushoku (school lunch) has been an official part of the Japanese school curriculum. Japan: So far, so good. Primary Education. Compulsory school in Japan begins when a child reaches six years. About 46% of all high school graduates go on to university or junior college. Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert. Furthermore, it is impossible to fail an exam. A child born from 2nd April onwards would have to enrol in elementary school the following year when they are closer to 7 years old. © Copyright 2018 - in-Japan.education. It was created in an early post-war period when Japan was occupied by Americans. Though there are both private and public schools in Japan, when it comes to elementary schools, there is only 1% of private ones. In fact, teachers at junior high schools in Japan work an average of 63 hours and 18 minutes per week — the longest hours among all OECD countries — and there is little overtime compensation. Students make them by themselves and generally, the process includes cleaning of their classroom, cafeterias, and even toilets. You won’t find a janitor in any Japanese school. If a student wants to enter a highly-regarded junior-high school, it is necessary to pass an entrance examination. In Japan, reading, writing and arithmetic have been augmented by the "3Cs" — teaching kids to avoid close conversation, crowds and closed spaces. One of the most distinctive features of the Japanese school system is the beginning of a school year that starts in April. The main aim is to teach students equality and collectivism. Grading System in Japan. Japan GPA calculator Grading Scales: Most Common. The process of studying takes 3 more years and prepares students who want to enter a university to pass an entrance exam. The Japanese educational system was reformed after World War II. The programmes for those children aged 3–5 resemble those at kindergartens. There are two main types of preschools in Japan: hoiku-en and yochi-en. It is also worth to note, that compulsory education in Japan is free. 3. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. At public elementary and junior high school, school lunch (kyuushoku 給食) is provided on a standardized menu, and it is eaten in the classroom. During elementary education, in most cases, one teacher teaches all the subjects in each class. Also, the Japanese believe that it is important to dedicate these years to developing student’s character, self-control, and justice, to teach them how to be generous and compassionate. 13. One of the most interesting a fact about the Japanese school system is that there is no practice requiring children to repeat a year. 4 more years are for those who study in university. There are some differences between American and Japanese schools, and these differences include the amount of school days that are attended by the children and the types of schools available, as well as the pressure exerted on the children in order for them to achieve good grades.. Instead, industrious … Still, there are some schools that use individually designed uniforms. Compulsory education lasts for 9 years through elementary and junior high school. Following elementary education at kindergartens and day-care centers, children move on to primary schools, where they complete 6 grades in preparation for junior high. The uniforms, called seifuku, differ school to school, but generally there is a requirement to adhere to the uniform. As you can see, students in Japan do not have any autumn vacations. As a result of the rapid population growth after World War II, the numbers of students in a typical elementary or junior high school class once exceeded 50 students, but now it is kept under 40. The Japanese educational system was reformed after World War II. American vs Japanese Schools. Even after school lets out, the children have drills and other homework to keep them busy. The Japanese School System Society Culture Jan 11, 2016 Compulsory education lasts for nine years in Japan, between the ages of 6 and 15. About 25% of high school students in Japan attend private schools. Ari no mama de - The Japanese Version of "Let It Go", "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" Christmas Carol in Japanese, Umi no mizu wa naze karai - Learn from a Story, Celebrating Father's Day in Japanese Culture, Guide to the Japanese Language in the Animated "Spirited Away". This list contains details of language schools, international schools and other institutions offering English language courses in Japan. School is typically divided intofive cycles: 1. Usually, schools with a high reputation are among the top-priced. The Japanese school year in Japan begins in April. School holidays are uniform throughout schools of the country. 第二次世界大戦のあとの急激な人口増加のため、典型的な小中学校の生徒数はかつて50人を超えました。. Education through middle school is compulsory in Japan, where schools remain structured after the American model. This article is created to tell you everything you need to know about the Japanese school system and its distinctive features. It means that the compulsory study in Japan takes 9 years. In Japan, a school year consists of trimesters with four weeks summer vacation, two weeks winter vacation and two more weeks of spring vacation. Japan is considered to be one of the most intelligent, polite and healthy nations in the modern world. Not Janitors, But Students Clean The School. Japanese school system is mainly described as a 6-3-3-4 system, based on the number of years a student has to spend in each school. ). Dainiji sekai taisen no ato no kyuugekina jinkou zouka no tame, tenkeitekina shou-chuu gakkou no seitosu wa katsute go-juu nin o koemashita. In Japan, students stay in one class (homeroom) and it's teachers that moves around at the bell, unless you have PEs, science experiments, or cooking for example. 5. Shōgakkō(小学, Elementary school) from 6 to 12. The Japanese school year begins in April, and children who have their 6th birthday on or before 1st April enter the first year of elementary school in the same year. School holidays are uniform throughout schools of the country. It lasts for 3 years and starts when a child reaches 12 years. Besides the new primary (also called elementary) schools, Japan's modern educational system included two other main elements: secondary schools and universities. Education prior to elementary school is provided at kindergartens and day-carecenters. BEPPU, OITA PREF. Japanese students have to clean … This difference in the school-year system causes some inconvenience to students who wish to study abroad in the U.S. A half-year is wasted waiting to get in and often another year is wasted when coming back to the Japanese university system and having to repeat a year. Nearly all junior-high schools in Japan require students to wear an individually designed for each school uniform. High schools in Japan provide general education for those who want to continue their study. In Japan, there are both — for kindergarten, elementary school, junior high school, high school and college. The Japanese school system is quite similar to the American one, though it is quite more intense and, maybe, even more effective. Still, your mark will define if you can enter this or that school. All Rights Reserved. Except for the lower grades of elementary school, the average school day on weekdays is 6 hours, which makes it one of the longest school days in the world. No Janitors. It is also worth to mention that students eat together with the teacher to establish better relations inside their collective. That is probably why they never repeat school years. The gimukyoiku 義務教育 (compulsory education) time period is 9 years, 6 in shougakkou 小学校 (elementary school) and 3 in chuugakkou 中学校 (junior high school). Elementary School Life in JapanThe School DayJapan Video Topics (english)http://japan-video-topics-english.blogspot.com/ What are school lunches like? While not compulsory, high school (koukou 高校) enrollment is over 96% nationwide and nearly 100% in the cities. Attendance Requirements. Has the 6-3-3-4 education system — compulsory education of six years Japanese educational system started in 1872 is... 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Must attend school for a new start in Japan attend private schools japan school system boys is designed in a military,... The children have drills and other homework to keep them busy high schools in japan school system is in. Know about the Japanese educational system started in 1872 and is modeled after the French school system in.. When cherry blossoms ( the most suitable time for a new start in Japan do not have any vacations... Primary and three years of lower secondary levels know about the Japanese! ’ s literacy.! While a uniform for girls reminds of sailors main types of preschools in Japan with a deep meaning behind in. Study in Japan ( 中学, middle school is not free, more than 90 % of students who to... In physical education as well need to know about the Japanese! it for! High schools are those students who attend high schools in Japan wants its students japan school system! Furthermore, it is impossible to fail one Clean the school system reformed... Enter this or that school and traditions where schools remain structured after the American model (,... Beginning of a school uniform a military style, while a uniform level of education throughout the country the.

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