Location and Geography. The lowest point of Egypt is the Qattara Depression at -436 ft (-133 m). The architecture and layout of Cairo reflect the various epochs of its history. Ancient Egyptian culture flourished between c. 5500 BCE with the rise of technology (as evidenced in the glasswork of faience) and 30 BCE with the death of Cleopatra VII, the last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt.It is famous today for the great monuments which celebrated the triumphs of the rulers and honored the gods of the land. As in Mesopotamia, domestic architecture in Egypt tended to be ephemeral and constructed of mud-brick or poor stone, which crumbled and disappeared over time, but the distinctive monumental architectural style of ancient Egypt, and even the kingdom’s distinct borders, are largely a product of its underlying solid geology. Lower Egypt is the northern part of the country while Upper Egypt is the southern part.. Its topography consists mainly of desert plateau but the eastern part is cut by the Nile River valley. Egypt's boundaries also include the Sinai Peninsula. Ancient Egypt Social Structure Upon dying, power was transferred by inheritance to his firstborn son, although on various occasions it did not happen this way. Egypt has an area of 385,229 square miles (1,001,000 square kilometers). Just as life arose from the waters of the primeval sea, so the waters of the Nile gave birth to the pharaonic kingdom. Some of the most important sites of ancient Lower Egypt: Rosetta – where the Rosetta Stone was discovered. Historical Sites on the Ancient Egypt Map. Very roughly, old Cairo is the medieval part, the heart of popular Cairo, and also where the Islamic and Coptic monuments are. Abu Simbel Temples A tourist admiring the sculptures at the Abu Simbel. Its flood plain was an extensive oasis, a magnet for life -- human, plant and animal. 10. Image credit: Aline Fortuna/Shutterstock.com. Located on the west bank of the Nile, opposite the city of Luxor (ancient Thebes), Hatshepsut’s temple is part of the Theban Necropolis.Built in a half circle of cliffs, this memorial temple marks the entrance to the Valley of the Kings.Djeser Djeseru (holy of holiest) is the name of the main building of the temple of Hatshepsut. The egyptians lived on the shores of the Nile river or next to the channels. ; Leontopolis – Cult center of Lionine deities such as the goddess Sekhmet. Geography and Climate of Egypt . Egyptian pyramids and Mesopotamian ziggurats are geographic neighbors and architectural cousins, both towering structures of stones that dominate their landscape; however, these two structures meant very different things to the people who built them. The 2,642 m high Mount Catherine in the Sinai Peninsula is the highest point in Egypt. Egypt is located in the extreme Northeast of Africa.Crossing from South to North through the Nile River, that flows into the Mediterranean Sea. A gift to the people of Egypt, the longest river in the world flows north from the heart of Africa to the Mediterranean Sea. He was an absolute monarch , though he had to have a wide intellectual formation, and all … The following is a list of ten examples of ancient Egyptian architecture. It is man-made and was created when the Aswan dam was constructed, then finished in 1970. ; Alexandria – Capital city of the Greco-Roman Period of ancient Egypt. Lake Nassar, the largest lake in Egypt can be observed on the map in southeastern Egypt. Egypt is located in northern Africa and shares borders with Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, and Sudan. Carved out of massive solid rock, these two temples are located in southern Egypt on the banks of Lake Nasser. The desert covers more than 90 percent of Egypt.

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